- Table of contents
- Control Command
Control Command is a mechanism of NFD Management protocol. This mechanism is useful for altering the state of the forwarder.
This document defines the request and response format of such commands, and how they should be signed and authenticated.
Control commands are Command Interests under a NFD management prefix.
The Name for a request Interest has the following form:
- prefix is a NFD management prefix.
Unless otherwise noted, all commands use
/localhost/nfdprefix. Each individual command MAY specify additional prefixes under which that command could be accepted.
- management-module is the name of management module to which the command needs to be dispatched.
- command-verb is the command to be executed.
- control-parameters is a ControlParameters TLV element wrapped in a NameComponent.
- command-interest-components are four additional components defined by Command Interest spec.
ControlParameters element contains arguments to the command.
ControlParameters ::= CONTROL-PARAMETERS-TYPE TLV-LENGTH Name? FaceId? Uri? LocalUri? Origin? Cost? Capacity? Count? BaseCongestionMarkingInterval? DefaultCongestionThreshold? Mtu? Flags? Mask? Strategy? ExpirationPeriod? FacePersistency? ; Name is defined in NDN packet format specification FaceId ::= FACE-ID-TYPE TLV-LENGTH nonNegativeInteger Uri ::= URI-TYPE TLV-LENGTH RFC3986 URI in UTF-8 encoding LocalUri ::= LOCAL-URI-TYPE TLV-LENGTH RFC3986 URI in UTF-8 encoding Origin ::= ORIGIN-TYPE TLV-LENGTH nonNegativeInteger Cost ::= COST-TYPE TLV-LENGTH nonNegativeInteger Capacity ::= CAPACITY-TYPE TLV-LENGTH nonNegativeInteger Count ::= COUNT-TYPE TLV-LENGTH nonNegativeInteger BaseCongestionMarkingInterval ::= BASE-CONGESTION-MARKING-INTERVAL-TYPE TLV-LENGTH nonNegativeInteger DefaultCongestionThreshold ::= DEFAULT-CONGESTION-THRESHOLD-TYPE TLV-LENGTH nonNegativeInteger Mtu ::= MTU-TYPE TLV-LENGTH nonNegativeInteger Flags ::= FLAGS-TYPE TLV-LENGTH nonNegativeInteger Mask ::= MASK-TYPE TLV-LENGTH nonNegativeInteger Strategy ::= STRATEGY-TYPE TLV-LENGTH Name ExpirationPeriod ::= EXPIRATION-PERIOD-TYPE TLV-LENGTH nonNegativeInteger ; FacePersistency is defined in FaceMgmt section
This definition exhausts all possible fields used in existing commands.
Each individual command MUST specify:
- a list of required fields: those fields MUST be present
- a list of optional fields: those fields MAY be present
- the semantics of each required and optional field
A field that is neither required nor optional for a command MUST NOT be present in a ControlParameter given to that command.
Each individual command MAY impose additional constraints on certain fields.
Flags and Mask¶
Various commands collect multiple boolean attributes into the Flags field as an inclusive OR.
Each individual command that uses the Flags field MUST define the meaning of each bit. In the definition, "bit 0" refers to the least significant bit.
The Mask field, if accepted by a command, indicates which attributes are being updated.
In such cases, Flags field and Mask field must be both present or both omitted in the request.
Bits in the Mask field are arranged in the same order as the Flags field.
For example, if a command defines two flags at bit 0 and bit 1 and also accepts a Mask field, a request containing "Flags=0x02 Mask=0x02" specifies bit 1 as "true" and specifies bit 0 as "don't care, leave at default, or keep unchanged"; this request is equivalent to a request containing "Flags=0x03 Mask=0x02".
If a command does not accept the Mask field, it SHOULD interpret every bit in Flags, and there is no "don't care" bits.
A response from the command interface is a Data that matches the request Interest.
The payload of this Data is a ControlResponse element.
ControlResponse ::= CONTROL-RESPONSE-TYPE TLV-LENGTH StatusCode StatusText <body> StatusCode ::= STATUS-CODE-TYPE TLV-LENGTH nonNegativeInteger StatusText ::= STATUS-TEXT-TYPE TLV-LENGTH string in UTF-8 <body> ::= zero or more arbitrary TLV elements
StatusCode loosely follows the HTTP semantics described in RFC 7231.
- Codes between 100 and 399 represent a success.
- Codes between 400 and 499 represent a client error.
- Codes between 500 and 599 represent a server error.
Common codes include:
|400||ControlParameters is incorrect|
|403||Command Interest is not authorized|
|404||Resource (e.g., face, prefix, ...) not found|
|501||Module or verb is not supported|
|503||Service not available|
Each individual command MAY define additional codes.
Additional elements are allowed at the end of ControlResponse.
Each individual command MAY define the type and meaning of <body>.
Unless otherwise defined by an individual command,
<body> is the ControlParameters passed into this command for all successful responses,
and <body> is empty for all failure responses.
|Type||Assigned value||Assigned value (hex)|
|(reserved, formerly LocalControlFeature)||110||0x6e|